Both men and women will begin to lose bone density every year starting in their mid-30s. In women, the rate of loss will spike to 2-5% a year at the onset of menopause. This can lead to a condition called osteoporosis—where bone loss causes thin, weak bones prone to fracture. According to Osteoporosis Canada, at least one-third of women and one-fifth of men will suffer a fracture due to osteoporosis in their lifetime. Such a fracture can have serious effects on quality of life and even on life expectancy.
If calcium levels in the body are low due to dietary intake, calcium is taken from our bones and used by the body. In time, this can affect bone density. Fortunately, calcium supplementation may reduce the risk of developing osteoporosis when combined with sufficient Vitamin D, a healthy diet, and regular exercise.